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In addition dramatic progress in therapy of cancer with an associated improvement in survival has made kidney disease a growing concern in this population the combination of cancer and kidney disease also influences therapies used for both disease processes thus there is a bidirectional relationship between kidney disease and cancer figure 1. Chemotherapy chemo uses anti cancer drugs that are given into a vein iv or taken by mouth as pills these drugs enter your blood and reach nearly all areas of the body which makes this treatment potentially useful for cancer that has spread metastasized to organs beyond the kidney. Kidney cancer is cancer that begins in the kidneys your kidneys are two bean shaped organs each about the size of your fist theyre located behind your abdominal organs with one kidney on each side of your spine in adults renal cell carcinoma is the most common type of kidney cancer other less common types of kidney cancer can occur. Chemotherapy uses anti cancer cytotoxic drugs to destroy cancer cells why you might have it new drugs are being developed all the time and new combinations of treatments are being tried these must be fully tested in clinical trials before they can be used as treatments this is so we can be sure they work for kidney cancer and are safe. If rcc is in a solitary kidney present in both kidneys or there are multiple rccs in one kidney cryoablation may be the best possible solution the most common renal cancer is renal cell carcinoma rcc which accounts for about 80 of cases the majority of the remaining are transitional cell carcinoma that originate from urinary canals